Translating, in the broadest sense, means transposing text or speech from one language (the source language) into another (the target Language).
Translation and interpreting are often confused, but they are different jobs. Translators work with the written word, while interpreters work with the spoken word.
Translators have to write texts that convey the message and content of the originai document and are grammatical and readable in the target Language.
Translators must understand all the shades of meaning of the source language so that they can reproduce it as faithfully and naturally as possible in the target language.